http://www.w3.org/2006/time
http://ontology.eil.utoronto.ca/trust.owl
http://ontology.eil.utoronto.ca/icontact.owl
http://ontology.eil.utoronto.ca/organization.owl
http://ontology.eil.utoronto.ca/govstat.owl
Global City Indicator Foundation Ontology
http://ontology.eil.utoronto.ca/GCI/Foundation/GCI-Foundation-v2.owl#
Mark S. Fox (msf@eil.utoronto.ca)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Global City Indicator Foundation Ontology
gci
Global City Indicator Foundation Ontology developed by the Information Engineering Group, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto.
Contains the foundation ontologies required to represent ISO 37120 city indicators, including Placenames, Time, Measurement, Provenance, Statistics, Validity and Trust.
See: Fox, M.S., (2013), "A Foundation Ontology for Global City Indicators", Global City Institute Working Paper, Vol. 1, No.4, pp. 1-45. Global Cities Institute, University of Toronto.
Latest Version: http://eil.utoronto.ca/smartcities/papers/GCI-Foundation-Ontology.pdf
Designed to represent the ISO 37120 Sustainable development of communities — Indicators for city services and quality of life.
Contact: Mark S. Fox, msf@eil.utoronto.ca
http://eil.utoronto.ca/smartcities/papers/GCI-Foundation-Ontology.pdf
1.14 30 September 2017
- removed provenance and validity links from om:Measure and moved to gci:GCI_quantity
1.13 14 May 2017
- Added 'Resident' to refer to someone who lives in the city
- Added 'City_Population_Size' as a Quantify that refers to the cardinality of the city's population
- Added 'City_Population' as the Population for the city that is defined by the 'Resident'
- corrected '100K_Population_Size' to specify Resident
1.12 16 April 2017
- added Quanitity '100K_Population_Size' that represents the that represents the multiple of 100,000 people in a city
- added unit of measure individuals: hecto_kilo_pc, pc_per_hecto_kilo_pc, minute_time_per_occurrence, occurrence_per_hecto_kilo_pc
1.11 7 February 2017
- Modified gs:Population and GCI_Quantity so that they are a ot:DateTimeInterval with a DateTimeDescription and
hasBeginning and hasEnd Instants. This is to make it more compatable with OWL-Time.
- Removed for_time_interval from GCI_Quantity.
- Added Difference_Quantity that specifies the quantity of subtracting term_2 from term_1
1.10: 18 January 2017
- Added kwh_per_pc instance of Unit_Division
1.9: 16 January 2017
- Added Quantity Sum_Quantity to represent a Quanity that is the sum of the Quantities in the property sum_term
The values of sum_term are restricted to having the same unit_of_measure as the Sum_Quantity
- Added unit_of_measure_of to represent inverse of unit_of_measure so that the Sum_Quanitity restriction can be specified
- Added Quantity Product_Quantity to represent a Quanity that is the product of the Quantity values of term_1 and term_2.
The value of term_1 is restricted to having the same unit_of_measure as the Product_Quantity
1.8: 4 January 2017
- Corrected Population_cardinality_unit, kilopc, megapc and gigapc by converting them into individuals
- Corrected Population_ratio_unit by converting into an individual (population_ratio_unit)
NOTE: this has an impact on all indicator definitions based on this on ontology
1.7: 27 December 2016
- added individuals: hour_per_interruption, interruption_per_year, kwh_per_year
- copied from OM: kilowatt_hour, hour, square_metre
1.6: 26 July 2016
- changed Decibel to decibel as an instance of singular unit
1.4: 3 February 2016
- Added microgram per cubic metre as a Unit_of_measure
- Added Decibel as a subclass of om:Sound_power_level
- Added Sum which is a subclassof Quantity
1.3: 1 June 2015
- Added Monetary_unit and Monetary_ratio_unit for financial indicators.
1.2: 16 May 2015
- Fixed missing PROV-O and OM properties due to their removal as an imported ontology
1.1: 28 April 2015
- Added Population multiplier unit of measure
$
€
$
gigapc
kilopc
megapc
pc
L_W
3
m3
1.0E9
g
h
1000.0
kW
1000000.0
1.0E-6
μ
μg
min
2.0
Square metre is a unit of area defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre. Square metre is a derived unit in the International System of Units.
m2
W
geo:6252001
United States
gn:6251999
Canada
#CDN_dollar
Canadian Dollar
#Cardinality_scale
The gci:Cardinality_unit is a ratio scale: gci:Cardinality_scale, which is a subclass of om:Ratio_scale and is has a zero element (namely zero).
#Cardinality_scale
Cardinality Scale
#Cardinality_unit
Just as the meter is the unit of measure for length, a gci:Cardinality_unit is the unit of measure for the size of a set. The gci:Cardinality_unit is a ratio scale: gci:Cardinality_scale, which is a subclass of om:Ratio_scale and is has a zero element (namely zero).
#Cardinality_unit
Cardinality Unit
#CityService
City Service
#City_Population
City_Population is a generic Population used throughout the indicators. It is defined by a Resident.
#Difference_Quantity
Difference_Quantity defines a Quantity that subtracts term_2 from term_1. Both these terms are restricted to being Quantities, and unit_of_measure of the value of term_1 must be equal to the unit_of_measure of this Product_Quantity.
#Fixed_zero_cardinality
Zero point for the cardinality scale.
#Fixed_zero_cardinality
Fixed Zero Cardinality
#GCIThing
Acts as class that groups all Global City Indicator Classes. Makes it easier to peruse in Protege.
#GCI_measure
The GCI_measure is a subclass of om:Measure and links the measure to its meta-data, including provenance, validity and trust.
#GCI_quantity
All ISO37120 Indicators are a subclass of the GCI_Quantity. They then inherit all of the properties including placenames, populations, provenance, trust, etc.
#GCI_quantity
GCI Quantity
#Monetary_ratio_unit
The ratio of two Monetary Units, e.g., debt to revenue ratio.
#Monetary_ratio_unit
Monetary Ratio Unit
#Monetary_unit
Represents any time of monetary unit, such as dollars, euros, etc.
#Monetary_unit
Monetary Unit
#Population
The govstat Population is specialized for indicator use to include what defines a member of the population, the location of the population, and the time the population was measured.
#Population_Product_Unit
It is the product of some number (term_1) and a population count (term_2).
#Population_Product_Unit
Population Product Unit
#Population_measure
gci:Cardinality_unit is the unit of measure for the size of a set. The gci:Cardinality_unit is a ratio scale: gci:Cardinality_scale, which is a subclass of om:Ratio_scale and is has a zero element (namely zero).
#Population_measure
Population Measure
#Population_size
gci:Population_size is a subclass of om:Quantity. Its om:unit_of_measure is the gci:population_cardinality_unit. It is also a subclass of gs:Cardinality which provides the cardinality_of property that links to a gs:Population.
#Population_size
Population Size
#Product_Quantity
Product_Quantity defines a Quantity that is the product of term_1 and term_2. Both these terms are restricted to being Quantities, and unit_of_measure of the value of term_1 must be equal to the unit_of_measure of this Product_Quantity.
#Resident
A Resident is a prov:Person that resides in the city for which the indicator is begin measured. The city of the primary residence is constrained to be the city of the indicator, which cannot be specified in OWL.
#Service
Service
#Sum_Quantity
Specifies a quantity that is the sum of the quantities specified by the sum_term property. Note that the unit_of_measure for the Sum_Quantity and the unit of measure for the quantities specified by the sum_term have the be the same.
#US_dollar
United States Dollar
#Unit_summation
Denotes the summation of two or more quantities.
#Unit_summation
Sum
#for_Year
The year for which the indicator applies.
#for_Year
for year
#for_city
The city for which the indicator has been defined. The indicator is a om:Quantity that points to a om:Phenomenon using the om:phenomenon object property. Therefore for_City is a subclass of om:phenomenon.
#for_city
for city
#for_city_service
The city service that this indicator applies to.
#for_city_service
for city service
#interruption
Cessation of something, usually a service.
#occurrence
Occurence of an Event or Activity.
#population_cardinality_unit
gci:Population_cardinality_unit which is the unit of measure for the cardinality of set defined by a Population (defined in the next section), and associate the symbol “pc” with it. For example, 1100pc represents a population cardinality (or size) of 1100. We can take full advantage of prefix notations available in OM to scale the numbers by defining units of measures: gci:kilopc, gci:megapc and gci:gigapc which are multiples of gci:Population_cardinality_unit. 1.1 kilopc represents 1100 pc.
#population_ratio_unit
Ratio of two populations. Core to city indicators.
#term
term
#100K_Population_Size
Quanity that specifies the size of population as a unit of measure of 100,000 (hecto_kilo).
gs:Population
gs:Population must identify the area in which the population resides, i.e., the city, and what characterizes a member of the population, namely the characteristics of a Student or Teacher. For example, the characteristics of a Teacher could be:
• Fulltime, defined as teaching 30 or more hours per week, and
• Teaches at the primary or secondary level, where primary spans grades 1 thru 8 and secondary spans 9 thru 12.
As depicted in Figure 11, we have extended the GovStat ontology as follows:
• Added a property to gs:Population, gs:located_in, that identifies the area that the Population is drawn from.
• Added a property to gs:Population, gs:defined_by, that identifies the class that all members of the Population are subsumed by.
A Population is also a ot:DateTimeInterval. An interval of time is defined for when the Population is defined. The interval has a beginning and end Instant.
sc:City
From schema.org - general City concept.
sc:City
City
sc:Country
From schema.org - general concept of Country.
sc:Country
Country
sc:State
From schema.org - general concept of State.
sc:State
State
gn:Feature
From Geonames ontology. Covers all types of geonames.
gn:Feature
Feature
pr:Entity
An Entity as defined in the PROV provenance ontology.
pr:Entity
Entity
om:Compound_unit
OM compound unit that is used to represent divisions, ratios, etc.
om:Compound_unit
Compound Unit
om:Compound_unit
compound unit
om:Measure
om:Measure is the superclass of all values pointed to by the property om: value. Its individuals hold the actual indicator values.
om:Measure
Measure
om:Quantity
From the OM ontology. Defines quantities such as Length, and in GCI all indicators are a subclass of Quantity and inherit its property of om:value and om:unit_of_measure.
om:Quantity
Quantity
om:Ratio_scale
From OM ontology. Ratio scale (versus ordinal, nominal).
om:Ratio_scale
Ratio Scale
om:Sound_power_level
sound power level
om:Unit_exponentiation
unit exponentiation
om:Unit_multiple_or_submultiple
From the OM ontology. Denotes multiples of a unit, such as kilo or giga X.
om:Unit_multiple_or_submultiple
Unit Multiple or Submultiple
om:Unit_multiple_or_submultiple
unit multiple or submultiple
om:Unit_of_measure
Defines the units that the instance of Measure uses, e.g., meters or pc (population count)
om:Unit_of_measure
Unit of Measure
om:cubic_metre
Cubic metre is a unit of volume defined as the volume of a cube whose sides measure exactly one metre.
om:cubic_metre
cubic metre
om:cubic_metre
kubieke meter
om:cubic_metre
立方米
om:gram
The gram is a unit of mass defined as 1.0e-3 kilogram.
om:gram
gram
om:gram
gram
om:gram
克
om:hour
The hour is a unit of time defined as 3600 second.
om:hour
hour
om:kilowatt
kilowatt
om:kilowatt
kilowatt
om:kilowatt_hour
kilowatt hour
om:micro
micro
om:micro
micro
om:micro
微
om:microgram
The microgram is a unit of mass defined as 1.0e-6 gram.
om:microgram
microgram
om:microgram
microgram
om:microgram
微克
om:numerical_value
From OM ontology, the numerical value of a Measure.
om:numerical_value
numerical value
om:square_metre
Square metre is a unit of area defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre.
om:square_metre
square metre
om:value
OM object property that links a Quantity to a Measure.
om:value
value
om:watt
The watt is a unit of power defined as joule divided by second = newton times metre divided by second = volt times ampere = kilogram times square metre divided by second to the power 3.
om:watt
watt
om:watt
watt
om:year
The year is a unit of time defined as 3.1536e7 second.
om:year
year